Gerald J. Joseph HealthCoach Program & Duke University Study

The Gerald J. Joseph HealthCoach weight-loss program recognizes that for the last 600 generations, our ancestors were hunter-gatherers and foragers. While technology has created enormous change in a few centuries, biology has not kept pace.

Heart Disease 

Heart disease is a primary example of the conflict between human biological construction and life in our modern era. Scientists are increasingly becoming aware of the importance of biomes to human beings’ health. Scientists have fresh evidence of just how healthy a non-Western lifestyle can be.


In a new report, researchers studied an indigenous group of hunter-gatherers that live in South America and found that their risk for coronary atherosclerosis—hardening of the arteries—is five times less common compared to adults living in the United States.


The British medical journal LANCET recently reported the results of significant study which examined the low incidence of heart disease among the South American Tsimani population.

The journal Reports:

With a low prevalence of coronary artery disease risk factors, heart-healthy lifestyle, high infectious inflammation, and low CAC, the Tsimane, a forager-horticulturalist population of the Bolivian Amazon, have the lowest reported levels of coronary artery disease of any population ever recorded to date.

These findings suggest that coronary atherosclerosis can be avoided in most people by achieving a lifetime with very low LDL, low blood pressure, low glucose, normal BMI, no smoking, and plenty of physical activity. The relative contributions of each are still to be determined.

(See: http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(17)30752-3/fulltext?elsca1=tlpr for the entire study.)

Researchers are just starting to realize the amazing health benefits of consuming a high prebiotic-rich diet. Such a diet has a more diverse community of microbes than the standard Western diet and the consequence is that eating and behaving in a more active fashion can lower the risk of disease.

The Tsimane people spend only 10% of their day being inactive; for the rest of it, they hunt, gather, farm and move their bodies. They consume a lot of high-fiber, non-processed carbohydrates like corn, nuts and rice, and about 15% of their diet is from meat or fish protein.

The diet is overall low in fat, and people rarely smoke.


HealthCoach weight-loss program recognizes the underlying truth of the LANCET study and many others: our human biology and chemistry co-evolved with a high plant-based foraging diet; humans have relied on nuts, seeds, fruits, vegetables, root vegetables, bulbs, insects, small animals, birds, eggs, and marine/river/lake proteins.

Hunting only accounted for 20% of the food consumed and 80% of calories came from foraging. In addition to the nutritional values of foraging for a diet rich in fiber, but low in saturated fat and simple sugars, the very act of foraging had important physiological health benefits.

The Microbiome 

Mounting evidence suggests that a hunter-gather diet creates a richer, more diverse community of microbes for the human gut, and this healthier biome lowers the risk of disease.

The human gut microbiome is a vast community of trillions of bacteria that have a major influence on the metabolism, immune system and mood. Bacteria and fungi inhabit every nook and cranny of your gastrointestinal tract, with most of this 1kg to 2kg “microbe organ” located in your colon (the main portion of a human being’s large intestine).

In the USA, and now globally, we are consuming a Western American diet high in processed-agriculture grain combined with an animal protein diet high in saturated fat and refined sugars. As a result, our society is gaining weight and developing a host of manmade diseases such as heart disease, type II diabetes, various cancers, and children are becoming more and more obese, suggesting that future generations will be greatly handicapped if they continue to eat as we do now.

The human body is designed to move and travel great distances daily, and our physiology thrives when we consume co-evolutionary foods, in association with movement like our ancestors who did not “exercise.

Captive Gorillas 

“In a March 5, 2018 article in ATLANTIC MONTHLY, Krista Lanlois writes about the high incidence of heart disease in zoo-kept gorillas. There is no incidence of heart disease in wild gorillas. Scientists have been studying captive gorillas since the 1800s, but recent medical advances have made it possible to view gorillas in ways never before possible technologically.

Lanlois writes:…wild gorillas spend up to 70 percent of their time foraging for high-fiber plants,

When the Cleveland gorillas were introduced to a new diet—one that cuts out biscuits and simple starches and replaces them with leafy greens, alfalfa, and branches from willow and other trees—she realized gorillas needed to eat about four times as much by weight as they had previously been fed.

Not only did gorillas on the “Cleveland diet” get a huge increase in fiber, they spent nearly as much time eating as they would in the wild. …this allows them to better mimic the amount of time they’d spend eating in the wild.

(To see the full article, go to:



Movement is ancient, here long before the first village was built, long before cities arose, modern highways became readily available, and supermarkets and 7/11s were available in every neighborhood. Hunting and gathering, dancing round the fire, walking, climbing, running, jumping, crawling, lifting, swimming, and yes fighting were critical components to our health, critically important to forming a healthy biome.

A lot of public health research now points towards needing more movement in our lives, as opposed to exercise to remain healthy. For example, no amount of exercise will undo the pathology that results from sitting and remaining sedentary.

And conversely, you could go your whole life without ever doing exercise, but instead move as part of your everyday life, and remain healthy.Humans are great hunters and foragers too, and for 95% of our time on earth (modern homo sapiens are about 300.000 years old) we have sustained ourselves by hunting and gathering foods.Humans are designed to move, and when we move we remain healthy.

Today, humans are the sweatiest primates alive. We have up to five million sweat glands, called eccrine glands. They produce a maximum of about 12 liters of per day according to estimates by anthropologist Nina Jablonskiof of Pennsylvania State University in University Park, Pennsylvania.

The loss of our hair is tied up with our propensity to sweat, even at the genetic level – and that in turn is bound up with our ability to run and catch big game, and thus to feed our big brains.


HealthCoach weight-loss program really is not a weight-loss program, but a simple nutrition program that teaches you how to return to consuming co-evolutionary friendly foods that our bodies evolved to consume, how to improve gut health and how in association with daily movement, your weight will begin to stabilize with boundless energy.

The Duke Study

The Duke University study conducted health risk appraisals of almost 12,000 individuals from grounds keepers to professors to nurses over a seven-year period. Researchers studied the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and workers’ compensation claims for study participants.

For Americans, a BMI of 18.5 to 24.9 is considered normal, a BMI of 25 to 29 is considered overweight and a BMI of 30 or more is considered obese.The study revealed that workers with a BMI of over 40 had 11.65 claims per 100 workers as compared to only 5.8 claims per 100 workers for workers with a normal BMI.


The obese workers also averaged 183.63 days of lost work per 100 employees as compared to only 14.19 days of missed work for employees with normal BMIs. Beyond that, the average medical claim for an obese worker was $51,019 per 100 employees, whereas the average claim for an employee with a normal BMI was only $7,503 per 100 employees.

Researchers found that employers could reduce workers’ compensation claims by taking the necessary steps to assist their employees in getting healthy and reducing their weight. In doing so, they could reduce their risk of injury and improve their overall health.

According to the National Health Care Statistics, the typical American diet is responsible for most of the preventable diseases, including 91% of diabetes, 82% of heart disease, and 71% of colon cancer.

*Note: For definition purposes, obesity statistics are based around Belgian statistician and anthropometrist Adolphe Quetelet’s BMI (Body Mass Index) calculation as follows:

Divide the subject’s weight in kg by the square of height in meters. Or, weight (lbs) x 703/height (inches). From that calculation, the following categories are provided based on the following BMI levels: o Normal Weight: 18.5 – 24.9 o Overweight: 25.0-29.9 o Obese: 30.0-39.9 o Severely or Morbidly Obese: 40.0 or higher.


The latest data brings clarity in regards to the causes – intake and output. Only one in twenty adults consistently engage in the five most important health behaviors:

Regular exercise healthy levels and types of fat intake five daily servings of fruits and vegetables, moderate drinking non-smoking

Over two-thirds of adults in the United States are either overweight or clinically obese. Combined, this constitutes over 90 million Americans, and a 7-10% increase in less than five years.

The prevalence has steadily increased over the years among genders, all ages, all racial/ethnic groups, all educational levels, and even all smoking levels. From 1960 to 2002, the prevalence of overweight individuals increased from 44.8 to 65.2 percent in U.S. adults age 20 to 74.

The prevalence of obesity during this same time period more than doubled among adults age 20 to 74 from 13.3 to 30.5 percent, with the majority of this rise occurring in the last 20 years. From 1988 to 2002, the prevalence of extreme obesity increased from 2.9 to 4.9 percent, up from 0.8 percent in 1960.

National Health Care Statistics

According to the National Health Care Statistics, the typical American diet is responsible for most of the preventable diseases, including 91% of diabetes, 82% of heart disease, and 71% of colon cancer.

However, it is not just the American diet at fault. Rather, lack of activity and exercise play a strong role as well. According to the Center for Disease Control, only 15% of adults engage in regular vigorous physical activity, and 60% report getting essentially no exercise whatsoever from a regular leisure activity.

If current obesity trends continue, more than 40 percent of adults in the United states will be obese and spending on the epidemic will quadruple to $344 billion by 2018, according to a new study released Tuesday.


The study, sponsored by the United Health Foundation, Partnership for Prevention, and American Public Health Association in conjunction with their annual America’s Health Rankings, notes that the states most in danger of a ballooning obesity epidemic are: Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, Ohio, Oklahoma and South Dakota.Only one state – Colorado – will have an obesity rate under 30 percent, according to the projections, reports CBS News correspondent Jeff Glor.

The $344 billion projection on obesity costs would amount to 21 percent of all money spent on health care by 2018, reports Glor. That’s up from the 9 percent we spend today. An obese person would spend an average of more than $8,000 a year on medical bills – up nearly $2,500.

The results are based on research by Dr. Ken Thorpe, a health care economist at Emory University.”At a time when Congress is looking for savings in health care, this data confirms what we already knew: obesity is where the money is,” Thorpe said in a press release.

“Because obesity is related to the onset of so many other illnesses, stopping the growth of obesity in the U.S. is vital not only to our health – but also to the solvency of our health care system.”Click here to read the full results of the obesity study (pdf)Since 1985 obesity levels have doubled, Glor reports.

Dr. Louis Arrone says this is the first time we’re seeing the size of the bills.”We now are seeing a veritable tsunami of health care costs all driven by obesity and its complications – diabetes, heart disease, cancer and the more than 50 other illnesses,” Dr. Arrone said.A person is considered obese if they are at least 30 pounds overweight, Glor adds.


By combining diet and evidence-based behavior modifications with coaching, HealthCoach helps clients achieve their health goals, and this in turn helps lower healthcare costs while improving productivity as healthy, energetic individuals are able to increase their productivity.